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Opinion: Red and Blue America took different roads. Here's how to bring them together

September 15, 2020. Summarized by summa-bot.

A man waves an American flag on top of the Lincoln Memorial ahead of civil rights "2020 March on Washington", on August 27, 2020, in Washington, DC. - A civil rights rally timed to the 57th anniversary of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s seminal I Have a Dream speech, delivered in 1963 from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, is expected to bring thousands to the same spot on August 28, 2020. (Photo by Olivier DOULIERY / AFP) (Photo by OLIVIER DOULIERY/AFP via Getty Images)

Jeffrey D. Sachs writes that one of the biggest factors dividing red and blue states is their different economies. While blue states are mostly in the service industry, red states predominantly produce goods -- something that President Trump took aim at in his 2016 campaign.

Reuniting America requires a forward-looking path of sustainable development that benefits all regions, including the states that have been hard hit by the long-term decline in manufacturing jobs.

Democratic Party strongholds on the two coasts are heavily oriented towards the high-tech service sectors, while staunch Republican Party regions in the interior are heavily concentrated in the goods sectors, such as manufacturing and fossil fuels.

Meanwhile, the goods-producing sectors of red states, including agriculture and forestry, mining, construction, and manufacturing, and draw on a workforce with much lower rates of college completion.

The 15 states with the highest proportion of employment in mining, logging, construction, and manufacturing all went for Trump, while 9 of the 10 states with the lowest proportion of workers in goods-producing sectors went for Clinton.

Trump swooped in on these states during his first campaign to wrest many of them from Democrats, charging them with ignoring their job plight.

He promised to resurrect the red-states' fossil-fuel industries.

The Democrats can win over the natural-resource states by playing to their great strengths: massive low-cost renewable energy (especially wind and solar power) and new mining resources for advanced batteries, electric vehicles, wind turbines, and other parts of the new industrial economy.

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