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More Americans fall into poverty after federal stimulus programs end

October 15, 2020. Summarized by summa-bot.

Reading, PA - August 27: Boxes of supplies to be distributed, with the Feed The Children logo on them, bottled water, school supplies, and bags with cereal. At the Hope Rescue Mission in Reading, PA Thursday morning August 27, 2020 where a food distribution was held from Feed the Children, in cooperation with Price Rite Marketplace, and Hope Rescue Mission. Families received boxes of food, personal care items, and two backpacks with school supplies. The distribution was done to meet the heightened need during the coronavirus / COVID-19 outbreak. (Photo by Ben Hasty/MediaNews Group/Reading Eagle via Getty Images)

Congress' swift and expansive response to the coronavirus pandemic last spring spared millions of Americans from falling into poverty after losing their jobs. But now that the relief has ended, the poverty rate has risen in recent months, two new studies show.

(CNN)Congress' swift and expansive response to the coronavirus pandemic last spring spared millions of Americans from falling into poverty after losing their jobs.

But now that the relief has ended, the poverty rate has risen in recent months, two new studies show.

The poverty rate fell from 11% in February to 9. 3% in June, according to research conducted by professors at the University of Notre Dame, the University of Chicago and Zhejiang University in China.

Without the additional federal help, more people -- particularly Black Americans, children and those with a high school education or less -- fell into poverty over the summer.

The rate rose to 11. 1% in September, according to the researchers, who have created a near real time dashboard.

These figures differ from the nation's official poverty rate, which is determined by the US Census Bureau.

Another study, done by researchers at Columbia University's Center on Poverty and Social Policy, found that the stimulus checks and enhanced jobless benefits lifted more than 18 million people out of monthly poverty in April.

The expiration of the $600 assistance sent the monthly poverty rate to 16. 7% in September, higher than the spring and pre-pandemic levels.

Only 4. 3 million people were kept out of poverty last month, mainly through the broadening of the unemployment program to freelancers, the self-employed, independent contractors and certain people affected by the coronavirus.

Without the March relief package, the poverty rates would have been higher over the last seven months.

The monthly poverty rate for White Americans was 12% in September, but it was 25. 2% and 25. 8% for Black and Hispanic Americans, respectively.

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