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Anders Breivik killed 77 people in Norway. A decade on, 'the hatred is still out there' but his influence is seen as low

July 22, 2021. Summarized by summa-bot.

Compression ratio: 18.9%. 2 min read.

Ten years ago, Norwegian far-right extremist Anders Behring Brevik killed 77 people, many of them teenagers, in a bomb attack and gun rampage. The July 22 attacks left Norway, a small, close-knit Nordic country, stunned and grieving.

(CNN)Ten years ago, Norwegian far-right extremist Anders Behring Brevik killed 77 people, many of them teenagers, in a bomb attack and gun rampage.

But it has also prompted questions about the wider impact of Breivik's radical views on far-right extremism -- circulated in a 1,500-page "manifesto" shortly before the attacks -- and some soul-searching about how Norway deals with his legacy.

The rampage was carried out on the fifth anniversary of the Norway attacks and the attacker had been "talking a lot about Breivik," Ravndal said.

The other obvious case is that of Brenton Tarrant, the Australian far-right terrorist who live-streamed an attack in which he killed 51 Muslim worshipers at two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand, in March 2019.

"So even there, you can question how much of an impact Breivik had," Ravndal said.

Within Norway, research indicates that the far right has not gained much appeal overall since the attacks and has been unable to turn out supporters in any numbers on the streets, Ravndal said.

During his trial, Breivik boasted of being an ultranationalist who killed his victims to fight multiculturalism in Norway, saying he acted out of "necessity" to prevent the "Islamization" of the country under the ruling center-left Labour Party.

That manifesto was "paradigmatic," Feldman said, "not just because it showed what one individual can do in terms of the horrific loss of life" but also in its targeting of Muslims and what Breivik called "cultural Marxism. "

Even more importantly, Feldman said, Breivik's case showed the dangers posed by lone-wolf actors who self-radicalize online through networks of like-minded individuals and carry out their preparations for violent attacks online, making them very hard to detect.

It was only with the emergence of online forums like 4chan and 8chan that Breivik once again started to get positive mentions, Ravndal said.

There is also debate about whether the attack should be interpreted as an attack on Norwegian society as a whole, or as an attack on the Labour Party specifically, Ravndal said.

Since 2011, Norway has implemented measures to protect -- as far as possible -- against such attacks in the future, Stoltenberg said.

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